Making a Celt Stone Axe from Scratch (Including Handle)

Categories: Survival


The manufacture of a stone ax including the handle from using only primitive tools and materials.

Notes for celt axe making:

-Use a stone that is close in shape to the final product to save effort.
-Polish the edge well and it will not chip. If it does chip, stop and re-sharpen or it will get worse.
-Shape the handle while green. After fire hardening, the wood is too tough to shape with stone tools.
-Don't let the sides of the head touch the sides of the hole or it will split.
-Postition the hole between two knots (above and bellow) if possible. This helps prevent splitting.

It is a celt (pronounced "selt") a type of ax with a polished stone head wedged into a hole or mortise at the end of a wooden handle. 


The head took about a week and a day to make as I chose to make it from a particularly large piece of basalt.

This involved hammering, pecking, grinding and polishing the head into the final shape. The handle took a day and a morning to make.

A chisel was made from stone and a mallet made from a log. 

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